K-PS3 Energy

K-PS3   Energy

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

K-PS3-1. Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. [Clarification Statement: Examples of Earth’s surface could include sand, soil, rocks, and water.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment of temperature is limited to relative measures such as warmer/cooler.]
K-PS3-2. Use tools and materials to design and build a structure that will reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area.* [Clarification Statement: Examples of structures could include umbrellas, canopies, and tents that minimize the warming effect of the sun.]
The performance expectations above were developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to simple investigations, based on fair tests, which provide data to support explanations or design solutions.

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

Constructing explanations and designing solutions in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to the use of evidence and ideas in constructing evidence-based accounts of natural phenomena and designing solutions.

     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 

         Connections to Nature of Science

 

Scientific Investigations Use a Variety of Methods

  • Scientists use different ways to study the world. (K-PS3-1)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and Effect

Connections to other DCIs in kindergarten:

K.ETS1.A (K-PS3-2); K.ETS1.B (K-PS3-2)

Articulation of DCIs across grade-levels:

1.PS4.B (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2); 2.ETS1.B (K-PS3-2); 3.ESS2.D (K-PS3-1); 4.ETS1.A (K-PS3-2)

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
W.K.7Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them). (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2)
Mathematics -
K.MD.A.2 Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has “more of”/”less of” the attribute, and describe the difference. (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2)

K-PS3   Energy

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

K-PS3-1. Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. [Clarification Statement: Examples of Earth’s surface could include sand, soil, rocks, and water] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment of temperature is limited to relative measures such as warmer/cooler.]
K-PS3-2. Use tools and materials to design and build a structure that will reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area.* [Clarification Statement: Examples of structures could include umbrellas, canopies, and tents that minimize the warming effect of the sun.]
The performance expectations above were developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to simple investigations, based on fair tests, which provide data to support explanations or design solutions.

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

Constructing explanations and designing solutions in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to the use of evidence and ideas in constructing evidence-based accounts of natural phenomena and designing solutions.

     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 

         Connections to Nature of Science

 

Scientific Investigations Use a Variety of Methods

  • Scientists use different ways to study the world. (K-PS3-1)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and Effect

Connections to other DCIs in kindergarten:

K.ETS1.A (K-PS3-2); K.ETS1.B (K-PS3-2)

Articulation of DCIs across grade-levels:

1.PS4.B (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2); 2.ETS1.B (K-PS3-2); 3.ESS2.D (K-PS3-1); 4.ETS1.A (K-PS3-2)

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
W.K.7Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them). (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2)
Mathematics -
K.MD.A.2 Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has “more of”/”less of” the attribute, and describe the difference. (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2)

K-PS3   Energy

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

K-PS3-1. Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. [Clarification Statement: Examples of Earth’s surface could include sand, soil, rocks, and water] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment of temperature is limited to relative measures such as warmer/cooler.]
K-PS3-2. Use tools and materials to design and build a structure that will reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area.* [Clarification Statement: Examples of structures could include umbrellas, canopies, and tents that minimize the warming effect of the sun.]
The performance expectations above were developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Planning and carrying out investigations to answer questions or test solutions to problems in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to simple investigations, based on fair tests, which provide data to support explanations or design solutions.

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

Constructing explanations and designing solutions in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to the use of evidence and ideas in constructing evidence-based accounts of natural phenomena and designing solutions.

     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 

         Connections to Nature of Science

 

Scientific Investigations Use a Variety of Methods

  • Scientists use different ways to study the world. (K-PS3-1)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS3.B: Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer

Crosscutting Concepts

Cause and Effect

Connections to other DCIs in kindergarten:

K.ETS1.A (K-PS3-2); K.ETS1.B (K-PS3-2)

Articulation of DCIs across grade-levels:

1.PS4.B (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2); 2.ETS1.B (K-PS3-2); 3.ESS2.D (K-PS3-1); 4.ETS1.A (K-PS3-2)

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
W.K.7Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them). (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2)
Mathematics -
K.MD.A.2 Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has “more of”/”less of” the attribute, and describe the difference. (K-PS3-1),(K-PS3-2)

* The performance expectations marked with an asterisk integrate traditional science content with engineering through a Practice or Disciplinary Core Idea.

The section entitled “Disciplinary Core Ideas” is reproduced verbatim from A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Cross-Cutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Integrated and reprinted with permission from the National Academy of Sciences.