5.Matter and Energy in Organisms and Ecosystems

5-PS3   Energy

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

5-PS3-1.Use models to describe that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, growth, motion, and to maintain body warmth) was once energy from the sun. [Clarification Statement: Examples of models could include diagrams, and flow charts.]
5-LS1-1. Support an argument that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the idea that plant matter comes mostly from air and water, not from the soil.]
5-LS2-1. Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment. [Clarifcation Statement: Emphasis is on the idea that matter that is not food (air, water, decomposed materials in soil) is changed by plants into matter that is food. Examples of systems could include organisms, ecosystems, and the Earth.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include molecular explanations.]
The performance expectations above were developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Developing and Using Models

Modeling in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to building and revising simple models and using models to represent events and design solutions.

Engaging in Argument from Evidence

Engaging in argument from evidence in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to critiquing the scientific explanations or solutions proposed by peers by citing relevant evidence about the natural and designed world(s).

    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - -

      Connections to the Nature of Science

 

Science Models, Laws, Mechanisms, and Theories Explain Natural Phenomena

  • Science explanations describe the mechanisms for natural events. (5-LS2-1)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS3.D: Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life

LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms

LS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems

LS2.B: Cycles of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems

Crosscutting Concepts

Systems and System Models

Energy and Matter

Connections to other DCIs in fifth grade:

5.PS1.A (5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1); 5.ESS2.A (5-LS2-1)

Articulation of DCIs across grade-levels:

K.LS1.C (5-PS3-1),(5- LS1-1); 2.PS1.A (5-LS2-1); 2.LS2.A (5-PS3-1),(5-LS1-1); 2.LS4.D (5-LS2-1); 4.PS3.A (5-PS3-1); 4.PS3.B (5-PS3-1); 4.PS3.D (5-PS3-1); 4.ESS2.E (5-LS2-1); MS.PS3.D (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1); MS.PS4.B (5-PS3-1); MS.LS1.C (5- PS3-1),(5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1); MS.LS2.A (5-LS2-1); MS.LS2.B (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1)

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
RI.5.1 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. (5-LS1-1)
RI.5.7 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently. (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1)
RI.5.9 Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. (5-LS1-1)
W.5.1Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information. (5-LS1-1)
SL.5.5 Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes. (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1)
Mathematics -
MP.2Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1)
MP.4Model with mathematics. (5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1)
MP.5 Use appropriate tools strategically. (5-LS1-1)
5.MD.A.1 Convert among different-sized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these conversions in solving multi-step, real world problems. (5-LS1-1)

5-PS3   Energy

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

5-PS3-1.Use models to describe that that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, growth, motion, and to maintain body warmth) was once energy from the sun. [Clarification Statement: Examples of models could include diagrams, and flow charts.]
5-LS1-1. Support an argument that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the idea that plant matter comes mostly from air and water, not from the soil.]
5-LS2-1. Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment. [Clarifcation Statement: Emphasis is on the idea that matter that is not food (air, water, decomposed materials in soil) is changed by plants into matter that is food. Examples of systems could include organisms, ecosystems, and the Earth.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include molecular explanations.]
The performance expectations above were developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Developing and Using Models

Modeling in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to building and revising simple models and using models to represent events and design solutions.

Engaging in Argument from Evidence

Engaging in argument from evidence in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to critiquing the scientific explanations or solutions proposed by peers by citing relevant evidence about the natural and designed world(s).

    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - -

      Connections to the Nature of Science

 

Science Models, Laws, Mechanisms, and Theories Explain Natural Phenomena

  • Science explanations describe the mechanisms for natural events. (5-LS2-1)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS3.D: Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life

LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms

LS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems

LS2.B: Cycles of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems

Crosscutting Concepts

Systems and System Models

Energy and Matter

Connections to other DCIs in fifth grade:

5.PS1.A (5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1); 5.ESS2.A (5-LS2-1)

Articulation of DCIs across grade-levels:

K.LS1.C (5-PS3-1),(5- LS1-1); 2.PS1.A (5-LS2-1); 2.LS2.A (5-PS3-1),(5-LS1-1); 2.LS4.D (5-LS2-1); 4.PS3.A (5-PS3-1); 4.PS3.B (5-PS3-1); 4.PS3.D (5-PS3-1); 4.ESS2.E (5-LS2-1); MS.PS3.D (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1); MS.PS4.B (5-PS3-1); MS.LS1.C (5- PS3-1),(5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1); MS.LS2.A (5-LS2-1); MS.LS2.B (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1)

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
RI.5.1 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. (5-LS1-1)
RI.5.7 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently. (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1)
RI.5.9 Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. (5-LS1-1)
W.5.1Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information. (5-LS1-1)
SL.5.5 Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes. (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1)
Mathematics -
MP.2Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1)
MP.4Model with mathematics. (5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1)
MP.5 Use appropriate tools strategically. (5-LS1-1)
5.MD.A.1 Convert among different-sized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these conversions in solving multi-step, real world problems. (5-LS1-1)

5-PS3   Energy

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

5-PS3-1.Use models to describe that that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, growth, motion, and to maintain body warmth) was once energy from the sun. [Clarification Statement: Examples of models could include diagrams, and flow charts.]
5-LS1-1. Support an argument that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the idea that plant matter comes mostly from air and water, not from the soil.]
5-LS2-1. Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment. [Clarifcation Statement: Emphasis is on the idea that matter that is not food (air, water, decomposed materials in soil) is changed by plants into matter that is food. Examples of systems could include organisms, ecosystems, and the Earth.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include molecular explanations.]
The performance expectations above were developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Developing and Using Models

Modeling in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to building and revising simple models and using models to represent events and design solutions.

Engaging in Argument from Evidence

Engaging in argument from evidence in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to critiquing the scientific explanations or solutions proposed by peers by citing relevant evidence about the natural and designed world(s).

    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - -

      Connections to the Nature of Science

 

Science Models, Laws, Mechanisms, and Theories Explain Natural Phenomena

  • Science explanations describe the mechanisms for natural events. (5-LS2-1)

Disciplinary Core Ideas

PS3.D: Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life

LS1.C: Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms

LS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems

LS2.B: Cycles of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems

Crosscutting Concepts

Systems and System Models

Energy and Matter

Connections to other DCIs in fifth grade:

5.PS1.A (5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1); 5.ESS2.A (5-LS2-1)

Articulation of DCIs across grade-levels:

K.LS1.C (5-PS3-1),(5- LS1-1); 2.PS1.A (5-LS2-1); 2.LS2.A (5-PS3-1),(5-LS1-1); 2.LS4.D (5-LS2-1); 4.PS3.A (5-PS3-1); 4.PS3.B (5-PS3-1); 4.PS3.D (5-PS3-1); 4.ESS2.E (5-LS2-1); MS.PS3.D (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1); MS.PS4.B (5-PS3-1); MS.LS1.C (5- PS3-1),(5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1); MS.LS2.A (5-LS2-1); MS.LS2.B (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1)

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
RI.5.1 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. (5-LS1-1)
RI.5.7 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently. (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1)
RI.5.9 Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. (5-LS1-1)
W.5.1Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information. (5-LS1-1)
SL.5.5 Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes. (5-PS3-1),(5-LS2-1)
Mathematics -
MP.2Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1)
MP.4Model with mathematics. (5-LS1-1),(5-LS2-1)
MP.5 Use appropriate tools strategically. (5-LS1-1)
5.MD.A.1 Convert among different-sized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these conversions in solving multi-step, real world problems. (5-LS1-1)

* The performance expectations marked with an asterisk integrate traditional science content with engineering through a Practice or Disciplinary Core Idea.

The section entitled “Disciplinary Core Ideas” is reproduced verbatim from A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Cross-Cutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Integrated and reprinted with permission from the National Academy of Sciences.